1872-76 – St Fagans Castle, near Cardiff, Wales

People and Places Discussed and Pictured in Chapter 9 of:

Discount Offer 4

 Lady Mary Windsor Clive – a direct descendant of Clive of India – engaged James Pulham and Son to construct a rock garden in the grounds of her home at St Fagans Castle in 1872.   There were protracted discussions about the extent and cost of the garden, however, and the work was not completed until 1876.   This Chapter included a reproduction of the only known surviving original plan drawn by James 2, complete with a dedicating poem of 25 verses, which are thought to have been written by William and George Hitching – William being the great-grandfather of the author, Claude Hitching.   St Fagans is now the home of the Welsh National Museum of Welsh Rural Life.

1-5-09-1  - St Fagans Plan

James 2’s Plan of St Fagans, Cardiff

Footnote and Update

The Italian Garden here originally contained a fountain – as illustrated in the Chapter, and almost certainly made in the Broxbourne Manufactory – but which was then replaced some time afterwards by another one.   I was unable to ascertain the reason for the replacement, or the date at which it happened, but Michael Statham has written to me with the answer.   He has been researching the firm of W Clarke of Llandaff, a firm of Church Craftsmen and Restorers, and tells me that the new fountain was installed by them in June 1900.   He says that it could have been made by them, but thinks that it was probably made elsewhere.   And where do we think that might be?   Well, that’s another question to which I can only guess the answer.


An additional ‘Chapter’ was published each month over a period of five years on this website under the tag of ‘Where? / Site of the Month’, and these can now be accessed alphabetically under the comprehensive ‘Where? / Gazetteer’ tag, so don’t miss those.   Click on the link to see the complete list of Pulham sites described and illustrated by Claude Hitching.

Another link that you might like to refer to takes you to the ‘Press and Media / Book Reviews’ tag, where you can read all the reviews of ‘Rock Landscapes‘ written by professional critics in the National and Garden Press.

To check out the names of the People and Places featured and illustrated in any of the other Chapters, click the CONTENTS link to return to the main CONTENTS Page.   Click here to go direct to the ‘Book Shop’.   Happy Reading to all our followers


A full description of the work done by James Pulham and Son at St Fagans Castle – together with a number of pictures – can be found in Chapter 9 of Rock Landscapes: The Pulham Legacy – the critically-acclaimed and lavishly illustrated definitive story of the lives and work of James Pulham and Son.   Written by Claude Hitching, with featured photography by Jenny Lilly.   Published by Garden Art Press.

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